Updated June 4, 2020 . AmFam Team
So, you’ve decided to buy a used motorcycle. Good for you! You’ll probably save money on the bike itself, and you can reap additional savings by avoiding setup, delivery and dealer fees if you’re buying from a private seller. The last thing you want though is for your used bike to break down or have surprise damage and problems.
To make sure you get a set of wheels that’ll go the distance, it’s worth it to boost your know-how. Here are our top ten tips to keep in mind when buying a used motorcycle.
Once you’ve decided on a few models you want to check out, do some initial research online to learn more about reliability, safety and maintenance. If you’re budget-conscious, look at overall costs, from fuel efficiency to insurance, to make sure you’re right on track.
When you meet with the seller of the used motorcycle you’ve selected, be sure to do the following:
When you sit on the bike, point the front wheel straight forward, and look to see if the handlebars are evenly aligned. The bar ends, levers and foot pegs shouldn’t show signs of rust, and look for scratches on the engine case or exhaust pipes. Bent brake levers also could indicate the bike went down hard on the pavement. If the frame is dented or bent, don’t buy the bike. Damaged motorcycle frames are generally unsafe.
The chain should be rust-free and have enough play to move up and down about by a half or three-quarters of an inch. There shouldn’t be a lot of movement when you move the chain side to side on the sprocket. Speaking of sprockets, make sure the teeth aren’t worn down too much.
Look for uneven wear or damage, including cracks, worn-down spots or puncture marks. If there’s wear and tear on the edges of the tires, that may indicate the bike was raced on a track.
Feel the brake rotors for unevenness or grooves. Make sure the brake pads aren’t worn down.
Feel underneath the engine near the gaskets to make sure there aren’t leaks — be sure the engine is cold when you do this! Check for leaks around the oil filter and oil pan bolt. If the fork tubes show corrosion, pitting or oil, the fork seals could be worn.
Look in the fuel tank for rust or corrosion — use a flashlight just to be sure! Check the oil level, which often is a telltale sign of good maintenance. The brake fluid level usually can be found top of the handlebars, visible through a clear window. When the engine is running, grip the front brake caliper really hard, which will cause the brake fluid level to fall. Once you release the brake caliper, the fluid level should rapidly rise.
Make sure the bike is cold before you start it up; warmed-up engines can often hide chronic engine issues. Listen for loud, unusual noises, like heavy knocks, creaking or rattling, which could indicate potential engine problems. Dark smoke could mean carburetor problems — and a future visit to the mechanic!
Start out slowly and try to stay on even, dry roads with light traffic. Listen for the same sounds mentioned above. When testing the brakes, they should be smooth and responsive, not “spongy.” If they are jerky, that could mean the discs are warped. When shifting the gears, they should be firm, even and not shift out of gear when accelerating. Watch for vibration or shimmying wheels. After your test ride, do a quick spot check for leaks.
Now that you’re up to speed on used motorcycles, you’ll be prepared when it comes to buying a used bike that’s right for you. But don’t forget to protect your bike with motorcycle insurance. Talk to an American Family Insurance agent (Opens in a new tab) today to learn about protection for your two-wheels.